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Party building ground

Report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

Now, on behalf of the 18th Central Committee, I will report to the General Assembly.
Now, on behalf of the 18th Central Committee, I will report to the General Assembly.
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is a very important meeting held during the crucial period of building a well-off society in an all-round way and socialism with Chinese characteristics entering a new era.
The theme of the conference is: not forgetting the initial heart, keeping in mind the mission, holding high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, winning the victory in building a well-off society in an all-round way, winning the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and unremittingly fighting for the Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Don't forget your heart, you have to always. The initial intention and mission of the Chinese communists is to seek happiness for the Chinese people and to revive the Chinese nation. This initial heart and mission are the fundamental driving force for the Chinese Communists to keep moving forward. The comrades of the whole party must always breathe with the people, share the destiny, and unite the heart, and always take the people's longing for a better life as the goal of struggle, and continue to move toward the realization of the greatness of the Chinese nation with a spirit of perseverance and a stance of struggle. The grand goal of revival is brave.
At present, the situation at home and abroad is undergoing profound and complex changes. China's development is still in an important period of strategic opportunities. The prospects are very bright and the challenges are very serious. All party comrades must rise to the forefront, be prepared for danger, be brave in change, be brave in innovation, never become rigid, never stagnate, unite and lead the people of all nationalities in the country to win a comprehensive well-off society and strive to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.
I. Work and historic changes in the past five years
The five years since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is an extraordinary five years in the development of the party and the country. In the face of the weak external economic recovery, local conflicts and frequent turbulence, and the external environment intensifying global problems, in the face of a series of profound changes such as China's economic development entering a new normal, we adhere to the general tone of the work, and face the difficulties. Pioneering and enterprising, and achieved historic achievements in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.
In order to implement the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee convened seven plenary meetings to decide on major changes in government institutions and functions, comprehensive deepening of reforms, comprehensive promotion of the rule of law, the formulation of the "13th Five-Year Plan", and the comprehensive management of the party. And deployment. In the past five years, we have promoted the overall layout of the "five in one" and coordinated the promotion of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout. The "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" was successfully completed, the "13th Five-Year Plan" was successfully implemented, and the party and state undertakings opened up new opportunities. .
Major achievements have been made in economic construction. We will unswervingly implement the new development concept, resolutely correct the development concept, change the development mode, and continuously improve the quality and efficiency of development. The economy maintains medium-to-high-speed growth and ranks among the top countries in the world. Its GDP has grown from 54 trillion yuan to 80 trillion yuan, ranking second in the world and contributing more than 30% to world economic growth. The supply-side structural reforms were further advanced, the economic structure was continuously optimized, and emerging industries such as the digital economy flourished, and infrastructure construction such as high-speed rail, highways, bridges, ports, and airports was rapidly advanced. Agricultural modernization has been steadily advanced, and the grain production capacity has reached 1.2 trillion jin. The urbanization rate has increased by 1.2 percentage points annually, and more than 80 million agricultural transfer populations have become urban residents. The coordination of regional development has been strengthened, and the “One Belt and One Road” construction, the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, and the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt have achieved remarkable results. The innovation-driven development strategy has been vigorously implemented, and the achievements of innovative country construction have been fruitful. Major scientific and technological achievements such as Tiangong, Xiaolong, Tianyan, Wukong, Mozi and large aircraft have come out one after another. The construction of the South Island Reef has been actively promoted. The new open economy system has been gradually improved, and foreign trade, foreign investment, and foreign exchange reserves have been among the highest in the world.
A major breakthrough was made in comprehensively deepening reforms. The hoof has steadily advanced and comprehensively deepened reforms, and resolutely broke the shortcomings of various institutional mechanisms. The reform is full-fledged, multi-point breakthrough, and deepening progress, focusing on strengthening the systemic, holistic and synergistic reforms, overcoming the breadth and depth of reforms, launching more than 1,500 reforms, and making breakthroughs in key areas and key links. Sexual progress, the main body of reform main body is basically established. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics has been further improved, the level of modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity has been significantly improved, and the vitality and innovation vitality of the whole society have been significantly enhanced.
The construction of democracy and the rule of law has taken significant steps. Actively develop socialist democratic politics and promote the rule of law in an all-round way. The system of party leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and the rule of law are organically unified. The party's leadership system is constantly improving, socialist democracy is developing, and intra-party democracy is more extensive. Socialist deliberative democracy has been fully carried out, the patriotic united front has been consolidated and the national and religious work has been innovated. Scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair justice, and law-abiding people are advancing in depth. The rule of law, the rule of law, and the rule of law are mutually reinforcing. The socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics is becoming more and more perfect, and the concept of the rule of law in the whole society is obviously enhanced. The pilot reform of the national supervision system has achieved practical results, and the reform of the administrative system, the reform of the judicial system, the restriction of power operation, and the construction of the supervision system have been effectively implemented.
Significant progress has been made in the construction of ideological culture Strengthening the party's leadership over ideological work, the party's theoretical innovation is comprehensively advanced, and the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology is more distinct. The socialism with Chinese characteristics and the Chinese dream are deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. The socialist core values ​​and the Chinese traditional culture are widely promoted. The creation of mass spiritual civilization has been carried out in a solid manner. The level of public cultural services has been continuously improved, the creation of literature and art has continued to flourish, the cultural undertakings and cultural industries have flourished, the use of Internet construction management has been continuously improved, and the nationwide fitness and competitive sports have developed in an all-round way. The main melody is more loud, the positive energy is more powerful, the cultural self-confidence is highlighted, the national cultural soft power and the influence of Chinese culture are greatly enhanced, and the unity and unity of the whole party's whole society is more consolidated.
People's lives are constantly improving. In-depth implementation of the people-centered development thinking, a large number of Huimin measures to implement, the people's sense of gains significantly enhanced. The decisive battle against poverty has made decisive progress. More than 60 million poor people have been lifted out of poverty, and the incidence of poverty has dropped from 10.2% to less than 4%. Education has developed in an all-round way, and education in the central and western regions and rural areas has been significantly strengthened. The employment situation continued to improve, and the number of new jobs in urban areas was more than 13 million per year. The growth rate of urban and rural residents' income exceeded the economic growth rate, and the middle-income group continued to expand. The social security system covering urban and rural residents has been basically established, the people's health and medical and health standards have been greatly improved, and the construction of affordable housing has been steadily advanced. The social governance system has been further improved, the overall social situation has remained stable, and national security has been comprehensively strengthened.
The ecological civilization construction has achieved remarkable results. Great efforts have been made to promote the construction of ecological civilization. The consciousness and initiative of the whole party and the nation to implement the concept of green development have been significantly enhanced, and the situation of neglecting ecological environmental protection has changed significantly. The system of ecological civilization has been accelerated, the system of main functional areas has been gradually improved, and the pilot of the national park system has been actively promoted. The overall saving of resources has been effectively promoted, and the intensity of energy resource consumption has dropped significantly. Significant ecological protection and restoration projects are progressing smoothly and forest coverage continues to increase. The ecological environment management has been significantly strengthened and the environmental conditions have been improved. Guide international cooperation on climate change and become an important participant, contributor and leader of global ecological civilization construction.
The strong army and the army have opened up a new situation. Focusing on realizing China's dream of strengthening the military dream, formulating a military strategic approach under the new situation, and fully promoting national defense and military modernization. The Gutian military political work conference was held to restore and carry forward the glorious tradition and fine style of our party and our army, and the political ecology of the people's army was effectively governed. The national defense and military reforms have made historic breakthroughs, forming a new pattern of the military commission, the main battlefield, and the main construction of the military. The organizational structure and power system of the people's army have undergone a revolutionary reshaping. Strengthening the preparations for training, effectively carrying out major tasks such as maritime rights protection, anti-terrorism and stability, disaster relief, international peacekeeping, yawning in the Gulf of Aden, humanitarian relief, etc., speeding up the development of weapons and equipment, and making significant progress in preparation for military struggle. The People's Army has taken firm steps on the road of strengthening its Chinese characteristics.
New progress has been made in the work of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. We will comprehensively and accurately implement the "one country, two systems" policy, firmly grasp the central government's comprehensive governance over Hong Kong and Macao under the Constitution and the Basic Law, deepen exchanges and cooperation between the mainland and Hong Kong and Macao, and maintain Hong Kong and Macao's prosperity and stability. Adhere to the one-China principle and the "92 Consensus", promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, strengthen cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, and realize the historic meeting between the leaders of the two sides. We should properly respond to changes in the situation in Taiwan, resolutely oppose and contain the "Taiwan independence" separatist forces, and vigorously safeguard peace and stability across the Taiwan Straits.
The all-round diplomatic layout has been carried out in depth. Comprehensively promote the diplomacy of a big country with Chinese characteristics, and form an all-dimensional, multi-level, three-dimensional diplomatic layout, which has created good external conditions for China's development. Implemented the “One Belt and One Road” initiative, initiated the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, established the Silk Road Fund, held the first “One Belt, One Road” International Cooperation Summit Forum, the APEC Leaders’ Informal Meeting, and the G20 Leaders’ Hangzhou Summit. The BRICS leaders met in Xiamen and the AsiaInfo Summit. Advocate the construction of a community of human destiny and promote the transformation of the global governance system. China's international influence, appeal and shaping have been further enhanced, making new and significant contributions to world peace and development.
The comprehensive and strict governance of the party has achieved remarkable results. We will comprehensively strengthen party leadership and party building, and resolutely change the loose and soft conditions governing the party and the party. We will promote the party's respect for the party's constitution, enhance political awareness, overall awareness, core awareness, and sense of conformity, resolutely safeguard the party's central authority, centralize and unify leadership, strictly understand the party's political discipline and political rules, and implement the party's political responsibility for managing the party at all levels. Adhere to the requirements of looking in the mirror, dressing the crown, washing the bath, treating the disease, carrying out the party's mass line education practice activities and the "three strict and three real" special education, promoting the "two studies and one doing" learning and education normalization institutionalization, the whole party The ideals and beliefs are more determined and the party spirit is stronger. Carry out the standards of good cadres in the new era, and the situation and ethos of selecting and employing people have improved significantly. The reform of the party's construction system has been further advanced, and the system of laws and regulations within the party has been continuously improved. Put the discipline in the front and focus on solving the outstanding problems that the people's masses have the strongest reaction and the greatest threat to the party's ruling foundation. The eight central regulations were introduced to severely rectify formalism, bureaucracy, hedonism and extravagance, and resolutely oppose privilege. The role of the patrol sword was highlighted, and the central and provincial party committees were fully covered. Adhere to anti-corruption without forbidden zone, full coverage, zero tolerance, unswervingly "playing tigers", "flying flies" and "hunting foxes". The goal of not daring is initially realized. The cages that cannot be rotted are getting stronger and stronger, and the dams that do not want to rot are Construction, the overwhelming situation of the anti-corruption struggle has been formed and consolidated.
The achievements in the past five years have been comprehensive and groundbreaking. The changes in the past five years have been deep and fundamental. In the past five years, our party has taken a series of new ideas, new ideas and new strategies with great political courage and strong responsibilities. It has issued a series of major policies and policies, launched a series of major initiatives, promoted a series of major tasks, and solved many long-term problems. Solving the problems that have not been solved, it has become a major event that has been done in the past and has not been done, and has promoted historic changes in the cause of the party and the state. These historic changes have had a major and far-reaching impact on the development of the party and the country.
In the past five years, we have been brave enough to face the major risk test faced by the party and the outstanding problems existing in the party. We have been resolutely defending the discipline with the tenacious will, eliminating the serious hidden dangers within the party and the state, and the political life of the party. The party’s political ecology has improved markedly, the party’s creativity, cohesiveness, and combat effectiveness have increased markedly. The party’s unity and unity has been consolidated, the party-group relationship has improved markedly, and the party has become stronger in revolutionary forging and has renewed its vitality. It has provided a strong political guarantee for the development of the cause of the party and the country.
At the same time, we must be soberly aware that there are still many shortcomings in our work, and we also face many difficulties and challenges. Mainly: some outstanding problems of insufficient development imbalance have not yet been resolved, the quality and efficiency of development are still not high, the ability to innovate is not strong enough, the level of the real economy needs to be improved, and the ecological environment protection has a long way to go; there are still many shortcomings in the field of people's livelihood The task is arduous, the gap between urban and rural development and income distribution is still large, and the masses face many difficulties in employment, education, medical care, housing, and old-age care; the level of social civilization still needs to be improved; social contradictions and problems are intertwined, and the task of ruling the country comprehensively It is still arduous, the national governance system and governance capacity need to be strengthened; the struggle in the ideological field is still complicated, and the national security is facing new situations; some reforms and major policy measures need to be further implemented; there are still many weak links in party building. These problems must be addressed with a focus.
The achievements in the past five years are the result of the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee and the result of the common struggle of the entire party and the people of all nationalities. On behalf of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, I am going to the people of all nationalities in the country, to the democratic parties, the people's organizations, and the patriots from all walks of life, to the compatriots of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region, the Taiwan compatriots, and the vast number of overseas Chinese, to countries that care for and support China's modernization. Friends, express heartfelt thanks!
Comrades! At the beginning of the reform and opening up, our party issued a great call to take its own path and build socialism with Chinese characteristics. Since then, our party has united and led the people of all nationalities in the country to make unremitting efforts to promote China’s economic strength, scientific and technological strength, national defense strength, and comprehensive national strength to enter the forefront of the world, to promote the unprecedented advancement of China’s international status, the face of the party, the face of the country, The face of the people, the face of the army, and the face of the Chinese nation have undergone unprecedented changes. The Chinese nation is standing in the east of the world with a new attitude.
After a long period of hard work, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. This is a new historical orientation for China's development.
The entry of socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era means that the Chinese nation, which has suffered in recent times, has ushered in a great leap from standing up, becoming rich and strong, and ushered in a bright future for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation; it means a scientific society. In the 21st century, China has a strong vitality and has elevated the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the world; it means that the socialist road, theory, system and culture with Chinese characteristics have been continuously developed and developed The path to modernization has provided new choices to countries and nations in the world who wish to accelerate development and maintain their independence. They have contributed Chinese wisdom and China programs to solving human problems.
This new era is an era of inheriting the past and the future, continuing to open up, and continuing to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics under new historical conditions. It is the era of building a well-off society in an all-round way and building a socialist modernization power in an all-round way. It is the united struggle of the people of all nationalities in the country. The era of constantly creating a better life and gradually realizing the common prosperity of all the people is an era in which all Chinese sons and daughters work together to achieve the great Chinese rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It is China’s increasingly approaching the world stage and making greater contributions to mankind. The era.
Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and the main contradictions in our society have been transformed into contradictions between the people’s growing needs for a better life and the development of inadequate imbalances. China has solved the problem of food and clothing for more than one billion people in a stable manner. On the whole, it has achieved a well-off society. Soon, a well-off society will be built in an all-round way. The people’s need for a better life will be more extensive, not only for higher requirements for material and cultural life, but also for democracy, the rule of law, and fairness. The requirements for justice, security, and the environment are growing. At the same time, the level of social productivity in China is generally significant.